Founded in 1937, Putnam Investments is a global money management firm with over 85 years of experience helping individuals and institutions pursue their investment goals. Putnam manages assets across equity, fixed income, asset allocation, and alternative strategies. Active, fundamental research, innovation, and risk management drive our approach to investing. Our global presence includes offices in Boston, London, Munich, Singapore, Sydney, and Tokyo, all united by our collaborative culture and singular focus on client objectives. For more information, please visit www.putnam.com.